The main symptoms of panic attacks (F41, ICD-10) include repeated attacks of severe anxiety, unpredictable in nature, regardless of the situation or circumstances. As a rule, an attack of a panic attack is accompanied by a rapid heartbeat and pain in the chest, up to the fear of dying from cardiac arrest, feeling short of breath, nausea, states of depersonalization and derealization, fear of losing control and going crazy. Many of them are relieved by this drug:

It is necessary to distinguish between signs of panic attacks and attacks of ordinary anxiety. Anxiety is a negatively colored emotion, a premonition uncertain in relation to the nature of expected events. The causes of anxiety, unlike specific fears, are not objective. In other words, anxiety helps to avoid potentially unwanted situations and their consequences. It becomes the cause of actions that determine the favorable course of events in the anxiety-provoking situation.

As for a panic attack, it is a sudden, unreasonable attack of pronounced anxiety, accompanied by fear and various somatic symptoms. In other words, the clinical signs of panic attacks must necessarily be accompanied by a type of anxiety in which it is impossible to establish the cause of the fear. The nature of such anxiety cannot be explained by the person himself, even at the peak – except as fear for his own life and reason.

In the clinical picture of the disease, the leading symptoms and signs of panic attacks are a strong fear that cannot be rationalized, disturbances in the functioning of the respiratory system and the cardiovascular system, and other phenomena of a vegetative nature. As a rule, an attack occurs instantly and lasts about 15-30 minutes.

The incidence of panic attacks varies from moderate (F41.00, ICD-10) to severe (F40.01, ICD-10) degree. Moderate episodic paroxysmal anxiety corresponds to – from 4 attacks at a distance of 28 days; severe – at least 4 seizures in 7 days at a distance per month.
As a rule, the individual picture of an attack includes the following symptoms and signs of panic attacks:

chest discomfort;
tingling sensation in the region of the heart;
rise in blood pressure;
feeling short of breath;
labored breathing;
“Waves” of heat and cold;
diarrhea (sometimes).
Objectively, during an attack, those around them can record a change in the color of the skin, sweating, a rise in blood pressure, a high pulse rate, difficulty in coordinating movements, and tremors. However, both the person himself and the people around him usually mistake the symptoms of panic attacks for signs of a heart attack or stroke (especially during the onset – the first attack of PA).

In some cases, with a weak mental constitution (a low threshold of resistance to stress factors), a severe attack of a panic attack can lead to loss of consciousness. With repeated attacks of PA, anticipatory anxiety develops rather quickly, expanding the range of negative experiences with the fear of waiting for an attack. In addition, agoraphobia and restrictive behavior may occur in the clinical picture.

Clinical practice shows that episodic paroxysmal anxiety is more susceptible to women than men. Symptoms of panic attacks in women are not much different from the signs of the “male” variant of the course of the disease. However, they still affect the health and correct the life of an adult woman.

The main symptoms of panic attacks in women include:

violation of the menstrual cycle;
other endocrine disorders affecting reproductive function;
an increased risk of developing neurotic and depressive disorders;
female alcoholism.
In addition, the development of the disease can cause disruption of the functioning of a woman in the family, up to the risk of divorce. Indirectly, the disease inevitably affects both the man and the children, becoming the cause of the emergence of “secondary” psychopathology, including disorders in the development of the mental apparatus in children.

Symptoms of panic attacks in men can radically change a person’s life, disguising the disease as character traits, lifestyle, unusual credos. Outside of marriage, it is quite difficult for such a person to maintain a relationship; in marriage – to preserve the family or relationships in it, to create favorable conditions for the upbringing of children, the healthy development of their mental apparatus.

Typical symptoms of panic attacks in men that affect quality of life include:

problems with potency;
the risk of developing severe depression with suicidal tendencies;
fast alcoholism, interest in surfactants.
If the picture of the disease is dominated by depressive tendencies, alcoholism or dependence on psychoactive substances develops rapidly, the risk of suicidal tendencies arises with a high probability. Most of the successful attempts to commit suicide against the background of the course of the disease are noted in men.

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