Muscle cramps

Muscle spasms are sudden, momentary involuntary and usually painful contractions of a muscle or group of muscles. Muscle spasms can be a symptom of nervous system dysfunction. Some people find this medication helpful for muscle spasm:

Muscle spasms (cram

ps) often occur in healthy people, usually middle-aged and elderly, but sometimes in young people as well. Cramps occur more often during and after strenuous exercise.

Sometimes painful leg cramps occur during sleep. Sleep-related leg cramps usually affect the calf muscles and the muscles of the foot, resulting in a downward flexion of the foot and toes. Although painful, these cramps are not serious and are therefore called benign leg muscle spasms.

Possible causes

Use of certain medications (some hypotensive, anti-asthmatic, oral contraceptives)

Sudden cessation of medication (sedatives, alcohol, drugs for insomnia, anxiety)

Electrolyte balance disorders and hormonal disturbances (hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia, alcoholism, hypothyroidism)

Musculoskeletal system disorders (calf muscle strain, myopathies, flat feet or recurvation of the knee joint)

Nervous system disorders (motor neurone disease, peripheral neuropathies, spinal nerve root compression)

Water balance disorders (dehydration, excessive sweating due to insufficient intake of salt or potassium, consequences of dialysis)

Physical exertion and lifestyle (spasms during or immediately after physical exertion, sitting for long periods of time)

When to see a physician

Warning signs (cause for concern):
Spasms in the arms or torso;
muscle twitching;
cramps due to fluid loss (dehydration) or use of diuretics;
Pain or loss of sensation, except during a spasm.
When should I see a doctor?
When muscle cramps occur, consult a physician immediately if there is also sudden weakness or loss of sensation, severe symptoms, or major fluid loss (from vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive sweating).
In other cases, consult a physician at a convenient time.

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